Cycloidal gearboxes or reducers consist of four fundamental components: a high-speed input shaft, a single or substance cycloidal cam, cam followers or rollers, and a slow-speed output shaft. The input shaft attaches to an eccentric drive member that Cycloidal gearbox induces eccentric rotation of the cycloidal cam. In substance reducers, the first track of the cycloidal cam lobes engages cam followers in the casing. Cylindrical cam followers become teeth on the inner gear, and the number of cam followers exceeds the number of cam lobes. The second track of compound cam lobes engages with cam supporters on the output shaft and transforms the cam’s eccentric rotation into concentric rotation of the output shaft, thus increasing torque and reducing speed.
Compound cycloidal gearboxes offer ratios ranging from as low as 10:1 to 300:1 without stacking stages, as in standard planetary gearboxes. The gearbox’s compound reduction and may be calculated using:
where nhsg = the number of followers or rollers in the fixed housing and nops = the quantity for followers or rollers in the gradual rate output shaft (flange).
There are many commercial variations of cycloidal reducers. And unlike planetary gearboxes where variations derive from gear geometry, heat treatment, and finishing processes, cycloidal variations share simple design principles but generate cycloidal motion in different ways.
Planetary gearboxes are made up of three basic force-transmitting elements: a sun gear, three or even more satellite or planet gears, and an internal ring gear. In a typical gearbox, the sun gear attaches to the insight shaft, which is linked to the servomotor. Sunlight gear transmits engine rotation to the satellites which, subsequently, rotate in the stationary ring equipment. The ring gear is part of the gearbox casing. Satellite gears rotate on rigid shafts connected to the earth carrier and trigger the planet carrier to rotate and, thus, turn the result shaft. The gearbox provides output shaft higher torque and lower rpm.