The timing chain functions just as a timing belt does. The difference between your two is merely the material and location. One is made from metal and the additional, a reinforced rubber. Though timing chains were utilized first, belts were released into vehicles in the 1960s. Belts are quieter and because of their material, less expensive to create. Timing chains are housed within the engine and receive lubrication from engine oil and can last a considerably long time, while timing belts are located beyond the engine and have a tendency to dry out and crack. In the last few years, however, more vehicle manufacturers have included timing chains back into some vehicles with vast improvements like a reduction in noise and vibrations, different then a timing belt not absolutely all drinking water pumps are driven by the timing chain. Examine your owner’s manual to determine what kind of timing operation your vehicle utilizes because they can vary greatly from year to year and by a car manufacturer.